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Periodontal Disease.

THE SECRET DİSEASE THREATENİNG OUR HEALTH! PERİODENTAL DİSEASE.



Tooth and gum disease is one of the most important diseases in our country and the world. The fact that it is life threatening however is one that most people dont realise.  The most important diseases in dental health are tooth decay and periodontal disease. Bacteria is built up by not brushing our teeth after eating. Bacteria accumulate from the food residue left behind and produce acid. These acids in time begin to rot our teeth and infect our gums.
 

Periodontal disease is the infection of our gums and other soft oral tissues that support the teeth. 70% of tooth loss in adults is due to periodontal disease. Periodontal diseases if diagnosed early are usually easily treated. İn treating periodontal disease you are aiding the conservation of natural teeth, chewing and helping your digestive system. 

Periodontal diseases will usually start with gingivitis. Gingivitis is the earlier stages of periodontal disease where you will experience red gums and usually bleeding. İn the earlier stages it wont cause too much discomfort but if not treated then can lead to irreversable damage to the alveolar bone.
 


WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF GUM DİSEASE?


THERE ARE MANY SİGNS OF GUM DİSEASE;
 

-          Bleeding gums while brushing teeth.
 

-          Red, swollen and sensitive gums.
 

-          Receding gums.
 

-          Discharge between the teeth and the inflamed gums.
 

-          Teeth rocking and gradually moving away from each other.
 

-          Change in the form of the upper and lower teeth while biting.
 

-          Continuous bad breath
 

However, periodontal disease can also reach an advanced stage without seeing the signs of any of these symptoms. That is why it is extremely important to see a dentist.


FACTORS THAT CAUSE GUM DİSEASE?
 

The main cause of gum disease is dental plaque. Dental plaque is a transparent adhesive layer that forms above the tooth. There are between 200 to 500 million bacteria in plaque. But ofcourse there are plenty more factors that lead to periodontal disease.
 

-          Genetic factors.
 

-          Cigarrettes.
 

-          Drug use.
 

-          Hormonal changes.
 

-          Stress.
 

-          Over biting of your teeth.
 

-          Malnutrition.
 

-          Diabetes.
 

-          Poorly made crowns and bridges.
 

Periodontal diseases are insidious and painless in their early stages which is why it is important undergo treatment early. Treatment of periodontal disease in its early stages usually consists of having plaque removed, flattening the surfaces of the roots and cleaning inbetween the gingival pockets. Once treatment is applied the bacteria and toxins that cause inflammation and infection are removed.
 

İn more advanced cases surgery may be required. The aim of the surgery is to reach deep into the gingival pockets and clean thoroughly creating a beter healing environment for the gums.
 

Avoiding periodontal disease is as simple as frequently brushing your teeth and using dental floss in intervals as to your dentists recommendation. The fact that periodontal disease can go unnoticed should be kept in mind.