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How Is Dental Floss Used?

By only brushing your teeth you are only able to clean the surface. That is why the gaps between your teeth need extra special attention. When the gaps between your teeth are not cleaned bacteria forms from the residue of food. Tooth decay and periodontal disease are the result of not cleaning this region.

Rip off roughly a 45cm peice of dental floss and wrap it around your middle finger.

To get the floss between your top teeth use your fingers. Do this softly and slowly without injuring your teeth. Use the floss around your tooth in upward and downward motions, also do not forget to gently clean all the way into your dental gum pockets to clean to bacterial plaque. Repeat this process with all of your teeth.

While cleaning your bottom teeth wrap the dental floss around your index finger. Repeat the process as with the top teeth in order to maintain a clean plaque free mouth.



Brushing Your Teeth

The enemy of your gums and teeth, bacterial plaque, is a layer of sticky bacteria that sticks to your tooth and causes decay. When bacterial plaque does reach your gums it can result in loss of your tooth and other severe periodontal disease. The best way to fight bacterial plaque is by brushing your teeth well.

Before you brush your teeth open your mouth and place your toothbrush inside in a 45 degree angle. Move your brush starting from your gums up towards the tip of your teeth to lift of any bacterial plaque. These motions should be repeated 5 times in each region.

With the inside of your teeth (the side looking toward the tongue) you should also place the toothbrush in your mouth in a 45 degree angle and upward and downward motions should be repeated atleast 5 times to each region.

With your incisors (front teeth) if you hold your brush up straight it will be more effective.

And last but not least your chewing surfaces. They must be brushed with back and forth motions making sure to reach into all of the nooks and crannies. Once your chewing surfaces are brushed the only thing that is left to clean is the gaps between your teeth which a toothbrush will not be able to do. For this you will need to use dental floss.

Bad Breath


Bad breath is most of the time a problem that occurs because of bad dental hygiene. There are a number of reasons why bad breath occurs.

-          An infection in the mouth

-          Severe periodontal disease

-          İnflammation and infection of your wisdom teeth

-          Tooth decay

-          Gastrointestinal diseases

-          Kidney failure

-          Sinusitis

-          Other diseases in your system

-          Not cleaning your tooth after brushing your teeth

-          Metabolic disorders

-          Lung inflammation

-          Diabetes

-          Liver disorders

-          Tonsilitis

When a patient is told to brush their teeth they are also told to brush the back of their tongue because the tongue is the perfect environment for bacteria to grow. İf all of the problems within your mouth have been treated and bad breath reoccurs then you should book an appointment with a doctor because your bad breath could be caused by an interior infection.

Grinding Your Teeth

Grinding your teeth severely while sleeping is called bruxism.

What are the reasons for bruxism?

There are many reasons teeth are ground. Stress, the arrangement in your teeth and crooked teeth are the main reasons.

Problems faced from grinding your teeth:


-          Your teeth wearing out

-          The withdrawal of your gums, which will result in loose swinging teeth down the track

-          After your teeth start wearing out the restorations you have made will also break

-          Once your teeth start wearing out your teeth will become more sensitive, to cold especially

-          Bad pains in your jaw because of the extensive pressure being put on it. Jaw could also start clicking

-          When you wake up in the morning with your temples in pain and painful cheek muscles will be seen

Treatments for bruxism:

-          First if your upper and lower teeth are clashing then that must be treated

-          Teeth that are worn out will be restored

-          Muscle relaxants can be used

-          Mouth guards can be made for while you sleep to reduce the pressure and stop your teeth from clashing and grinding

Anatomy Of The Tooth

The Anatomy Of The Tooth.

Enamel: The hardest matter in your body. The most protective layer over your teeth and because there are no nerves present in your enamel it is not a sensitive layer. Made up of 97% calcium. The enamels form is built up in hexagonal apatite crystals. The calcium will slowly build up and crystalize. The building up process will occur while the baby is stil in the womb. İf the mother does take certain drugs while pregnant then problems can occur and stop the calcium crystals building up. The teeth can also come out grey, yellow or brown, they can sometimes even go missing (hypoplastic).

Dentin: İs the layer under the enamel. Makes up for 75% of every adults teeth. Though it has the same intensity as bone it is alot more sensitive. İt is also able to regenerate and repair itself. Most of the mass in your teeth is formed by dentin. Dentin is a live mineral which is made up of 70% mineral salts, 20% organic matter and 10% water. There a alot of canals in dentin. The canals in the dentin hold the tooths nerves. The cells that make up dentin are called “Odontoblast”. The canals in dentins size in millimetres squared are around 10,000. İf tooth decay does occur and pass through the dentin then severe pain will occur.

Pulp: İs the name given to the centre of the tooth where all of the soft tissue is found. The pulp is visible all the way down to the root of the tooth and is joint with nerves that continue into our blood blood system and should be protected because it could result in a blood infection. There is also alot of active nevre cells within the pulp that result in hot and cold sensitivity. Dentin is a little room formed by the dentin to store nerves and cells. Dentin is wrapped around the pulp and is very sensitive to decay. These cells are alot more present and sensitive while you are younger.

Cementum: İs a layer that surrounds the root of the tooth which is made up of bone and is very thin. Cementum helps the tooth attach to the jaw bone. 65% of it is made up of inorganic matter. Sometimes too much cementum can build up on the roots of a tooth. Which is called “Hypercementosis”.