- The food deposit on aching tooth and between teeth must be cleaned using toothpaste and dental floss, adding half teaspoon of salt in a half glass of water, you should rinse.
- Do not apply ASPIRIN or any other painkillers on aching tooth under any circumstances. Due to their chemical structures, such pharmaceuticals may cause irritation on gums or peripheral soft tissues which would cause a second ache in addition to the toothache.
- If there becomes a swelling as a result of the pus, the area should be cold compressed.
- A painkiller could be taken before visiting the dentist.
- If a cavity is formed on the tooth as a result of the tooth decay, a piece of cotton soaked with a little eugenol could be applied on the tooth.
- Eugenol will ease the pain. However, you shouldn’t overuse the eugenol and let it leak into the gums. Because eugenol, too, can harm the soft tissues.
- An immediate visit to the dentist is needed.
Tooth Fractures/ Dental Injuries:
- In case it would help the treatment, the broken part of the tooth must be found and kept safe (if possible). You should visit a dentist in 30 minutes.
- If there is a bleeding around the region in the mean time, you should apply compression with a tampon. If the bleeding doesn’t stop in 15 minutes despite compression, you should apply to the closest medical institution.
- Tooth fractures, tooth displacement and dislocation, oral tissue injuries and concussions are caused by contact sports such as basketball, football etc. and traffic accidents.
- The best way to prevent the children who play contact sports from dental iinjuries is to make them wear mouthguards.
- If the tooth dislocates in its own socket because of an impact, with a minor pressure of finger, the tooth should be tried to be located in its socket.
- The tooth mustn’t be push too hard during the procedure of locating.
- You should visit a dentist within maximum 30 minutes.
Dislocation of a Permanent Tooth
- Dislocated tooth should be found.
- Found tooth should be held in the crown part. The tooth shouldn’t be held in the root part which would harm the tissues even further. The tooth cannot hold on to its socket if the tissues in the roots of the tooth are harmed too much. The unfamiliar substances on the tooth which is held in the crown part should be cleaned under flowing water.
- During the process of the cleaning of the tooth surface, you should not scrub and by no means use a brush.
- You should, first of all try to place the tooth into its socket.
- If the tooth is managed to be put into its socket, a piece of hygenic tampon should be placed on the tooth and bitten in order to keep it stable on its socket.
- In that condition, you should visit a dentist as soon as possible.
- If the tooth is not relocated, it should be kept in milk or water until visiting a dentist.
- To prevent the tooth tissues from being harmed any further and to regain the dislocated tooth, you should visit a dentist as soon as possible.
- If kept under agreeable conditions and taken to a dentist in maximum 30 minutes, there is a 90% chance of reimplantation by replacing the tooth into its socket.
Lip and Cheek Injuries
- The injured area should be cleansed with warm water.
- If there is a bleeding , you should compress with a tampon on the injured area to stop the bleeding.
- A cold compress should be applied outside the lip and cheek.
- If the injury is quite large and the bleeding continues, you should visit a dentist or the closest medical emergency service.
Post Extraction Bleedings
- Minor bleedings after the extraction are normal.
- If there is a severe bleeding, you should visit a dentist or the closest medical service immediately.
- If there is a minor leakage of bleeding, the extraction area should be compressed by a tampon for 30 minutes to stop the bleeding.
- If the bleeding continues, you should visit a dentist as soon as possible. If you can’t, you may rinse a teabag into water and wrap it into gauze and compress it onto the extraction area. Thanks to the minerals in tea leaf which help the coagulation, the bleeding will stop within 30 minutes.
- If you fail to stop the bleeding, you should visit a dentist or the closest medical service.
Post -Extraction Suggestions
- Keep biting the tampon after leaving the dentist. If the bleeding continues, compress a second tampon on the extraction area.
- A minor bleeding is possible within the following 4-6 hours after the procedure.
- After the extraction, lie in a position keeping your head high up if possible.
- Do not eat anything within the following 2 hours after the procedure. Avoid eating hot food.
- Do not take alcohol or any medication that would increase the bleeding.
- If there is any problem(toothache, severe and acute bleeding) visit a dentist.