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Periodontal Diseases

What are periodontal diseases?

The word “periodontal” literally means “around the tooth.” Periodontal diseases are bacterial gum infections that destroy the gums and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. Periodontal diseases can affect one tooth or many teeth. many teeth. The main cause of periodontal diseases is bacterial plaque, a plaque is not removed, it can turn into a hard substance called calculus or tartar in less than two days. Tartar is so hard it can only be removed by an oral health professional, such as a dentist or dental hygienist. The bacteria in plaque infect the gums, and release poisons that cause redness and inflammation (irritation). The inflammation and the poisons themselves cause destruction of the tissues that support the teeth, including the bone. When this happens, the gums separate microscopically from the teeth, forming pockets that fill with even more plaque causing even more infection..


 

Periodontal diseases are multi-factorial
This means that there is not just one cause of periodontal diseases but of rather multiple factors that can affect the health your gums.


 

                 Gingivitis The results of treating periodontal destruction and bone loss suffered gum disease(periodontitis)

 
What are the signs of periodontal diseases?